Brahma Khandam Chapter 7
Creation of the Earth, mountains and oceans etc by Brahma
Brahma then performed tapas with the concentration of his mind and achieved the desired goal.
First of all the earth was created with the feet of Madhu and Kaitabha; them the eight high mountains together with many small hills attached to them were created.
What could be said about their names? Listen to the names of the chief mountains, which include Sumeru, Kailasa, Malaya, Himalaya, Udayacala, Astacala, Suvela and Gandhamadana, which are known as the eight chief mountains.
Brahma then created seven oceans, several rivers, rivulets, streams, trees, villages and cities.
The oceans included of saltish water, sugarcane, wine, ghee, curd, milk and pure water. The first of them was spread in an area of a lakh of yojanas. The rest of them become double in size respectively.
There are seven continents (islands) which are surrounded by these oceans.
Their lands resemble those of the lotus leaves. The subcontinents and the respective mountains too are also seven in number. О Brahmana, I now speak out the name of these islands which are JambQ, Saka, Icusa, Plaksa, Kraunca, Nyagrodha and Pus kara.
Thereafter Brahma built up eight cities over the peaks of the Meru mountain for the sport of Dikpalas (which are eight in number).
The lord of the universe created the abode of Sesa and created seven islands in the nether world.
These were named as Bhti-loka, Bhuvar-loka,1 the most pleasing heaven, Janaloka, Tapaloka and Satyaloka. Thereafter Brahma created Brahmaloka a top the Meru mountain, which was free from death and old age.
Above that the charming Dhruvaloka was built. Down below seven Patala lokas were created for the lord of the universe. It was more equipped with items of cosmetics and pleasure as compared to the heaven.
There names are given as under- Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talatala, Mahatala, Patala and Rasatala.
The seven dvlpas (Islands), seven Patalas in the universe are controlled by Brahma. О Saunaka! innumerable globes are found in the hair pits on the body of lord Visnu.
With the illusion of lord Krsna, in each globe is infested with the Dikpalas, Visnu, Siva, Brahma, the gods and the humans.
Brahma, the lord of the universe is unable to count the population of the universe. Not only this even Siva, Visnu and other gods are unable to do so.
Though Is’vara is unable to count them, still it is quite difficult for them to manage the daily routine of the universe, including the sky and directions.
O best of the Brahmanas, all the things which exist in the arti^cial world, they are all perishable and are all like the dreams
Goloka, which is located beyond Sivaloka and Visnuloka, is the eternal place. Like the soul, the sky and directions, these are eternal and are beyond the artificial globe