Brahmavaivarta Purana Brahma Khandam Chapter 31

Description of the hell of the sinners

Yama said—О chaste lady, without adoring the lord, the bad deeds of the human beings do not vanish. Because by performing good deeds one achieves heaven and by performing bad deeds one achieves hell. О chaste lady, the one who consumes the food of a wicked woman or a whore or the one who enjoys the company of a degraded woman, falls into the hell named kalasutra.

He remains there for a hundred years and is reborn in the house of a Sudra and attracts illness right from the time of the birth. Thereafter he is purified. Thus the woman having only one husband is called the chaste woman and the one having two of them is called КиШй and the one having three of them is called Dharsinl and the one having four of them is called Punscall.

The one having the company of five men is called a whore and the one having six of them is called Yugmi and the one who has more than that is called a great whore. She becomes untouchable for all the castes.

A Brahmana who enjoys the company of a kulata, dharslnl, punscall, vesya, yugml and the great whore, falls into the terrific hell.

Such a sinful person remains there for a hundred years. The one who visits, Dhrsta, remains in the hell for four hundred years and the one who visits, Punscall remains in the hell for six times more the number of years, the one who visits the whore remains eight time more the number of years in the hell, the one who keeps the company of Yugml, remains in the hell for ten times more the number of years in the hell and the one who visits the great whore, has to remain in the hell for a hundred times more the number of years in the hell. There is no doubt about it.

He is then termed as Sarvagaml. This has been ordained by Brahma. He is then tortured by the messengers of Yama and he suffers variously.

Thereafter that sinful person is reborn as a crow, a cuckoo, a hyena, a pig and a semara-tree in the cremation ground respectively.

The one who takes food innocently during the time of solar or lunar eclipse, falls into the hell named Aruntuda.

Therefore he takes birth as a human and suffers from stomach-ache, pain in joints, besides being one-eyed and is deprived of teeth. He is thereafter purified.

The one who gives away to someone else his daughter whom he had promised to give, suffers in the hell name Pansubhoga for a hundred years and consumes dust as his food. О chaste lady, the one who snatches away something given in charity, falls into the hell named bed of arrows and is tortured by the messengers of Yama daily for a hundred years.

The one who does not adore the Siva-linga of Siva, falls into the hell named sidaprota and suffers badly. He suffers the torture of many types for a hundred years and then is reborn as a wild animal seven times. Thereafter he becomes a pujarl of a temple before he is purified.

The one who punishes a Brahmana and by whose terror a Brahmana gets terrified, such a wicked fellow falls in the hell named Prakampana and remains there for the number of years equivalent to the number of the hair on the body of a Brahmana. The woman who looks at her husband in rage and also utters harsh words to him, falls into the hell named Ulkamukha.

The messengers of Yama continuously insert the burning wood into her mouth and she remains in that hell suffering the torture striking her head.

She is then reborn in the human race and becomes a widow seven times. Thus suffering the misfortune of becoming a widow, she suffers from ailments and thereafter she is purified. When a Brahmana woman keeps the company of a SDdra, she falls into and andhakiipa hell. She had to spend time in the dirty water and has to consume the same day and night.

Thus suffering badly, she has to face the torture of the messengers of Yama. Thus she remains in that hell up to the time of the life of fourteen Indras.

Thereafter she is bom in the land of Bharata as a female crow for a thousand times, a female pig for a hundred limes, a doe for a hundred times and a female jackal for seven times, a female pigeon for seven limes and then she is born in the family of a Candala, then a washerwoman suffering from consumption and then becomes a whore. Thereafter she becomes on oil-woman suffering from leprosy. She is then purified.

Similarly a whore falls into Vedhana hell, the Yugml in Dandatadana hell, the great whore in Jalabandha hell, Kulata in Dehacdrna hell and other wicked woman in the hell named Dalana. Dhrstd falls into the Sosana hell and is tortured by the messengers of Yama and has to suffer several types of pains. Thereafter she is bom as the insect of refuse. Thereafter she is purified.

If a Brahmana enjoys another Brahmana woman, a Ksatrlya and an other Ksatrlya woman and a Vais’aya a Vaisaya woman and a Sudra with other Sfldra woman, such a person falls into a hell named Kasa. He remains there for twelve years in a hot water kunda and has to consume the same water.

Thereafter the Brahmana is purified. Similarly the Ksatrlya and other women are also purified. This has been ordained by Brahma.

О chaste lady, if a Ksatrlya or Vais’ya cohabits with a Brahmana woman, he earns the sin of cohabiting with his own mother and falls into the hell named Supra.

The insects of the types of wallowing baskets torture that person together with the Brahmana woman and the man has to consume boiling hot urine. They are also tortured by the messenger of Yama. Thus they suffer the human torture up to the period of the life of fourteen Indras; they are then born as pigs and goats for seven times before they are purified.

Holding the Tulasi leaf in his hand if one takes a vow and then backs out or takes a false vow, he falls into the hell named Jvalamukha. The one who takes a vow holding the water of the Ganga, Salagrama stone or image of the god and does not follow it, he falls into a hell named Jvalamukha.

One who takes a vow raising his right hand or takes a vow in the temple of the god but fails to follow it, he falls into hell named Jvalamukha.

The one who takes a vow touching a Brahmana or Visnu or a cow or the fire and does not fulfil the vow falls into the hell named Jvalamukha. The one who betrays his friend, is an ungrateful person, the one who is the betrayer of the faith of others and the one who gives false evidence, falls into the hell named Jvalamukha.

All such people remain in the hell up to the period equivalent to the life of fourteen Indras and have to suffer badly from the fire flames and are tortured daily by the messengers of Yama.

Those who take a vow after touching the Tulasi plant are reborn as Candalas for seven times. The one who takes a false vow after touching the waters of the Ganga has to be bom as a Mleccha at least five times before he is purified. О beautiful one, touching the stone of SHlagrama the one who takes a false oath, is reborn as an insect of the refuse for seven times. The one who takes a false oath after touching the articles of adoration, is reborn as an insect of the refuse for seven times. Thereafter he is purified.

The one who takes a false oath extending the right hand is bom as a snake seven times; he is then born as a human without right hand. He is purified thereafter. The one who tells a lie in a temple, is reborn as the temple priest seven times. Thereafter he is bom as a Brahmana.

He is born as a deaf and dumb person thrice, having no wife, children or wisdom. He is purified thereafter. The one who betrays his own friend, is reborn as a mongoose seven times, the ungrateful person is bom as the rhinoceros, the betrayer turns as a tiger and the one who gives false evidence becomes a bear. Thus such people have to suffer for their sins up to seven births and they also drag their seven earlier generations with them to the hell.

Such of the Brahmanas as are deprived of their daily religious routine and do not believe in the Vedas, are devoid of wisdom. The one who laughs at the intelligent people, is relieved of all the vratas and denounces the rightful things. He then becomes wicked and falls into the pit of snow for a hundred years suffering badly.

Thereafter for a hundred births he appears an aquatic animal and a fish. He is purified thereafter. The one who steals away the riches of the Brahmanas and the gods, falls into the hell with ten earlier generations and is covered with smoke always. He gets fed up with the smoke there and has to consume only the smoke. He remains there for four yugas.

Thereafter he takes rebirth hundred of times in the land of Bharata in the line if rats. Thereafter he entered into the various types of birds and insects.

He is then grown on earth as a tree besides being a forest dweller having no wife, no son and he always suffers from ailments. Thereafter, he is bom as a wise Brahmana well-versed in astrology.

The Brahmana who earns his living by practising astrology or becomes a physician or a dealer in iron and also sells powdered medicine falls into the Nagavesfl hell. Depending on the Nagas he has to stay there up to the number of years equivalent to the number of the hair he has on his body and is bitten by the Nagas daily.

Thereafter for seven births, he becomes an astrologer, a physician, a cowherd, a carpenter and a creator of conches. He is then purified. О chaste lady, I have now described and prominent hells to you. There are several other hells which are of insignificant nature which the sinners achieve as a result of their evil deeds and roam about in the entire universe. What made do you want to listen to from me?

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