Differential diagnosis of major causes of pneumothorax

What is the differential diagnosis of major causes of pneumothorax?

In the following list, an asterisk (*) indicates the most common causes:

  • • Idiopathic*: most often because of rupture of an apical bleb
  • • Trauma*: blunt or penetrating injury, iatrogenic injury (e.g., central venous line placement), barotrauma (mechanical ventilation)
  • • Obstructive lung disease (e.g., chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma)
  • • Cystic lung disease (e.g., Langerhans cell histiocytosis, lymphangiomyomatosis, tuberous sclerosis)
  • • Bronchiectasis or cavitary lung disease (e.g., cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, Pneumocystis carinii jiroveci ) pneumonia)
  • • Advanced interstitial lung disease with honeycombing (e.g., usual interstitial pneumonia, sarcoidosis, chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis)
  • • Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
  • • Endometriosis (e.g., catamenial pneumothorax)
  • • Bronchopulmonary fistula (e.g., after lung surgery or transplantation)

Sign up to receive the trending updates and tons of Health Tips

Join SeekhealthZ and never miss the latest health information

Scroll to Top