Differential diagnosis of major causes of hemothorax

Differential diagnosis of major causes of hemothorax

  • • Trauma (blunt or penetrating or iatrogenic) (most common cause)
  • • Bleeding diathesis (e.g., anticoagulation, protein S or C deficiency)
  • • Malignancy
  • • Infection
  • • Acute pulmonary embolism
  • • Thoracic aortic rupture (from aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, dissection, penetrating aortic ulcer, or transection)
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