Differential diagnosis of major anterior mediastinal lesions

Differential diagnosis of major anterior mediastinal lesions

In the following list, an asterisk (*) indicates the most common causes:

Thymic Masses

  • • Lymphoma*
  • • Thymoma*
  • • Thymic carcinoma
  • • Thymic carcinoid
  • • Thymolipoma
  • • Thymic cyst
  • • Thymic hyperplasia

Thyroid Masses

  • • Thyroid goiter*
  • • Thyroid cyst
  • • Thyroid adenoma
  • • Thyroid carcinoma

Germ Cell Tumors

  • • Teratoma and teratocarcinoma*
  • • Seminoma
  • • Mixed germ cell tumors
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