What is the diathesis stress model, and how does it relate to pain?
The diathesis-stress model is a psychological theory which posits that a predisposition of biological and/or emotional vulnerability in the context of exposure to life stress will determine the outcome for the person. As a psychological theory, diathesis-stress has been used to explain the etiology and onset of many mental disorders. It has also been applied to the understanding of why some patients with pain will become disabled after trauma induced tissue damage, while others will be more resilient and be able to return to functionality. Referral of pain patients with this presentation and referral for mental health evaluation and treatment can improve pain treatment outcomes.