In the biopsychosocial model, one of several frameworks used for psychiatric case formulations,
- biological (e.g., genetic, medical, pharmacologic),
- psychological (e.g., abuse history,
- coping strengths or weaknesses,
- adaptive and maladaptive defenses),
- and social (e.g., relationship or work stressors and supports) factors, are considered as contributors to the clinical presentation and as potential avenues for intervention.