What is the biopsychosocial model, and how does it inform pain treatment?
The biopsychosocial model of health care is a theory and guide which holds that disease, illness, pain, and suffering are constituted by interacting dimensions, and scientific data is only one of these. It recommends a holistic approach to medical care that transcends objectivism. All medical conditions are created by biological phenomena, psychological experience, and social context. One can provide expert medical care yet fail to alleviate pain and suffering if the patient’s relationships in his/her life and society are not also considered. Further, the relationship between the patient and the practitioner is essential to consider. This paradigm is often overlooked, given the rapid advances in pain scientific research and technology over the past two decades.