Types of gastric ulcers

Types of gastric ulcers

five types of gastric ulcers in terms of location, gastric acid secretory status, incidence, and complications. 

Peptic ulcers are a common cause of upper gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms with peak incidence in middle-aged men (55-65). They arise at various locations, including the stomach (gastric ulcer), duodenum (duodenal ulcer), and esophagus (esophageal ulcer). Gastric ulcers are further divided into five types based on location, secretory status, and cause.

The Five Types of Gastric Ulcers by Location, Gastric Acid Secretory Status, Complications, and Incidence

TypeLocationAcid HypersecretionComplicationsIncidence
IGastric body, lesser curvatureNoBleeding uncommon55%
IIBody of stomach + duodenal ulcerYesBleeding, perforation, obstruction20%
IIIPrepyloricYesBleeding, perforation20%
IVHigh on lesser curvatureNoBleeding< 5%
VAnywhere (medication induced)NoBleeding, perforation< 5%

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