What is dyspepsia, and how is it classified?
Dyspepsia is a broad term used to describe persistent or recurrent upper gastrointestinal symptoms. It is characterized by sensations of abdominal fullness, epigastric pain, or burning. It is also commonly associated with other gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms including nausea, vomiting, bloating, distention, early satiety, and weight loss. Dyspepsia is commonly divided into two categories: investigated and uninvestigated. Functional dyspepsia refers to the persistence or recurrence of these symptoms subsequent to an adequate evaluation for other organic, systemic, or metabolic disorders. The Rome IV Consensus Committee currently defines functional dyspepsia as the presence of one or more of the following in the absence of structural disease:
- 1. Bothersome postprandial fullness
- 2. Early satiation
- 3. Epigastric pain
- 4. Epigastric burning