Most common bacterial pathogens for acute meningitis in neonates and children

Most common bacterial pathogens for acute meningitis in neonates and children? 

Neonatal

  • Group B beta-hemolytic streptococci
  • Escherichia coli
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae

Childhood

  • Haemophilus influenzae type B
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae
  • Neisseria meningitides

While vaccination has largely eliminated H. influenzae type B, nontypable H. influenzae is still seen. Worldwide these three bacteria are responsible for approximately 90% of acute bacterial meningitis in childhood.

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