Causes of secondary Osteoarthritis

Causes of secondary Osteoarthritis

  • I. Congenital disorders
    • a) Hip
      • • Legg–Calvé–Perthes disease
      • • Congenital hip dislocation
      • • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis
      • • Congenital shallow acetabulum
      • • Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI)
    • b) Dysplasias
      • • Epiphyseal dysplasia
      • • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia
  • II. Mechanical features
    • • Joint hypermobility syndromes
    • • Leg length discrepancy
    • • Varus/valgus deformity
    • • Scoliosis
  • III. Trauma: anterior cruciate ligament tear; fracture through joint; meniscectomy
  • IV. Metabolic diseases
    • • Hemochromatosis
    • • Ochronosis
    • • Gaucher’s disease
    • • Hemoglobinopathy
    • • Crystal deposition disorders
  • V. Endocrine disorders
    • • Acromegaly
    • • Hypothyroidism
    • • Hyperparathyroidism
  • VI. Neuropathic joints
    • • Diabetes mellitus
    • • Syphilis
  • VII. Other
    • • End result of any infectious or inflammatory arthropathy
    • • Osteonecrosis
    • • Paget’s disease
    • • Kashin–Beck disease: osteochondropathy in China as a result of mycotoxins and selenium deficiency.
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