Are kidney transplant recipients at greater risk for the development of cancers

Are kidney transplant recipients at greater risk for the development of cancers?

Yes. The chronic exposure to immunosuppressive agents increases the long-term risk of malignancy by two to threefold compared with the general population of the same age and gender.

Kidney transplant recipients have the cancer risk of a nontransplanted individual 20 to 30 years older than them.

If a recipient had a cancer prior to transplant, the risk post transplant is increased by 40%. 

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