Are kidney transplant recipients at greater risk for the development of cancers?
Yes. The chronic exposure to immunosuppressive agents increases the long-term risk of malignancy by two to threefold compared with the general population of the same age and gender.
Kidney transplant recipients have the cancer risk of a nontransplanted individual 20 to 30 years older than them.
If a recipient had a cancer prior to transplant, the risk post transplant is increased by 40%.