What is acute diarrhea?
The most important defining aspect of diarrhea is a change in frequency or consistency of bowel movements from baseline. For research purposes, acute diarrhea is defined as production of abnormally loose stools, with more than three episodes daily for less than 14 days . Generally a daily output increase from the normal of 100 to 200 mg per day is associated with the excessive frequency of defecation. Acute diarrhea commonly results as part of a response to enteric infection (although severe systemic infections may be associated with diarrhea as well) or preformed toxins, or as part of medication effects, malabsorptive and osmotic processes, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), or vascular diseases.