Panax ginseng

Panax ginseng Brand Name– Ginsana

What is Panax ginseng

Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer Asian ginseng is the species best studied and most frequently available in the U.S. The dried root of Asian ginseng contains at least 13 different ginsenosides. ‘Ginsenosides’ is the name given to the active principles which are triterpenoid saponin glycosides.

The quantities of these ginsenosides vary according to: age of the root, the location where grown, the season when harvested, and the method of drying. The claimed benefits of ginseng are so broad that it has been termed a ‘tonic,’ however the term ‘adaptogen’ has been used to describe ginseng in herbal literature.

Adaptogens increase resistance to biological, chemical, and physical stress, and improve general vitality, including mental and physical capacity for work. Asian ginseng is considered more of stimulant than American ginseng.

Despite the fact that Asian ginseng has been used for centuries in China and that purported uses are numerous, there is little scientific documentation of its clinical effects in humans.

Ginseng has been evaluated for the treatment of menopausal symptoms in a randomized, placebo-controlled trial; however, ginseng did not reduce the number of hot flashes; the North American Menopause Society (NAMS) does not recommend that ginseng be used for the symptomatic relief of hot flashes

Indications

  • nutritional supplementation

Side Effects

  1. amenorrhea
  2. anxiety
  3. edema
  4. euphoria
  5. fever
  6. headache
  7. hypertension
  8. hypoglycemia
  9. hypotension
  10. insomnia
  11. irritability
  12. libido decrease
  13. mania
  14. mastalgia
  15. palpitations
  16. pruritus
  17. sinus tachycardia
  18. Stevens-Johnson syndrome
  19. vaginal bleeding
  20. vertigo

Monitoring Parameters

  • laboratory monitoring not necessary

Contraindications

  • breast cancer
  • breast-feeding
  • children
  • endometriosis
  • hypertension
  • infants
  • neonates
  • pregnancy
  • surgery
  • uterine leiomyomata

Interactions

  • Aliskiren; Amlodipine
  • Aliskiren; Amlodipine; Hydrochlorothiazide, HCTZ
  • Amlodipine
  • Amlodipine; Atorvastatin
  • Amlodipine; Benazepril
  • Amlodipine; Celecoxib
  • Amlodipine; Hydrochlorothiazide, HCTZ; Olmesartan
  • Amlodipine; Hydrochlorothiazide, HCTZ; Valsartan
  • Amlodipine; Olmesartan
  • Amlodipine; Telmisartan
  • Amlodipine; Valsartan
  • Bepridil
  • Bumetanide
  • Calcium-channel blockers
  • Clevidipine
  • Digoxin
  • Diltiazem
  • Enalapril; Felodipine
  • Ethacrynic Acid
  • Ethanol
  • Felodipine
  • Furosemide
  • Garlic, Allium sativum
  • Ginger, Zingiber officinale
  • Ginkgo, Ginkgo biloba
  • Green Tea
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Isradipine
  • Linezolid
  • Loop diuretics
  • Methylsulfonylmethane, MSM
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • Nicardipine
  • Nifedipine
  • Nimodipine
  • Nisoldipine
  • Perindopril; Amlodipine
  • Phenelzine
  • Selegiline
  • Torsemide
  • Trandolapril; Verapamil
  • Tranylcypromine
  • Verapamil
  • Warfarin
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