Artificial Tears

Artificial Tears Brand Names

Advanced Eye Relief | Akwa Tears | Akwa Tears Renewed | Artificial Tears | Bion Tears | Blink Tears | Clear eyes | Clear eyes Outdoor Dry Eye Protection | Eye Lubricant | FreshKote | Gen Teal Moderate to Severe | GenTeal | GenTeal Mild | GenTeal Moderate | GenTeal PF | GenTeal Severe | GenTeal Tears Mild | GenTeal Tears Severe Dry Eye | Gonak | Goniosoft | Hypo Tears | Isopto Tears | Lacrilube SOP | LiquiTears | LubriFresh P.M. | Moisture Eyes | Moisture Eyes Preservative Free | Murine | Natural Balance Tears | Nature’s Tears | Opti-Free | Puralube Tears | Refresh | Refresh Celluvisc | Refresh Endura | Systane | Systane Balance | Systane Complete | Systane Ultra | Teargen | Tears Naturale Forte | Tears Naturale Free | Tears Naturale II | Tears Renewed | TheraTears | Visine Dry Eye Relief | Visine Maximum Redness Relief | Visine Pure Tears | Visine Tears | Visine Tired Eye Relief | Viva

What is Artificial Tears medicine

Artificial tears are ophthalmic preparations (solutions or ointments) used for the relief of dry eyes (xerophthalmia) and ocular irritation.

Selected lubricant products [containing a combination of tyloxapol and benzalkonium chloride (BAK)] can be used as a cleaning agent and lubricant for ophthalmic prostheses.

Artificial tears have also served as a vehicle for ocular preparations of acetylcysteine used to treat giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC), while artificial tears alone have been used for milder cases of this condition. Artificial tears products contain varying formulations that maintain ocular tonicity.

Artificial tears solutions usually consist of a vehicle to stabilize the tear film and promote wetting; buffering agents, preservatives, pH content and other factors may vary from product to product.

Popular vehicles found in artificial tear solutions include, but are not limited to, carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxymethylcellulose, hydroxyethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, methylcellulose, polyvinyl alcohol and povidone.

Artificial tear ointments usually contain a bland (non-medicated) ophthalmic ointment vehicle to lubricate the eye; the primary ingredients are usually white petrolatum, mineral oil and lanolin.

Modern artificial tear formulations were first developed in the mid-1940s with the introduction of synthetic methylcellulose, but historically, many agents had been tried clinically for hundreds of years to relieve dry eyes.

Today, most products are available without a prescription in the United States.

To date, an ideal replacement for the human tear layer has not been found.

Indications

  • xerophthalmia

For the temporary relief of xerophthalmia and minor ocular irritation

Side Effects

  1. blurred vision
  2. contact dermatitis

Artificial tears products produce few side effects.

Temporary stinging or blurred vision may occur on drop or ointment application; blurred vision upon application is commonly reported with the use of lubricant ointments.

Irritation of ocular tissues typically does not occur with the vehicles commonly found in artificial tear solutions. Serious adverse reactions to artificial tears products, particularly lubricant ointments, are rare.

Rarely, allergy or sensitivity, including contact dermatitis/allergy, can occur to specific product ingredients, such as preservatives in artificial tear solutions. A preservative-free product can limit the risk of a sensitivity reaction.

Discontinue use of the specific product if ocular pain, ocular pruritus or other ocular irritation symptoms occur or worsen, or if the condition has not improved within 72 hours of use of the product; the patient should consult their health care professional for ophthalmic evaluation.

Monitoring Parameters

  • ophthalmologic exam

Contraindications

  • breast-feeding
  • children
  • contact lenses
  • corneal abrasion
  • infants
  • neonates
  • ocular infection
  • ocular trauma
  • pregnancy
  • visual disturbance

Interactions

There are no drug interactions associated with Artificial Tears products.

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