What are the vaccinations in reference to kidney transplantation
Live vaccines are contraindicated after transplantation and should be administered prior. If a live vaccine is given prior to transplantation, the patient cannot be on immunosuppression and therefore transplanted for a minimum of 4 weeks. Inactivated vaccines can be given post transplant. The time frame to be able to receive a vaccination post transplant is 3 to 6 months. Close contacts should also be appropriately vaccinated.
Here is the table which shows a table of commonly questioned vaccinations.
Vaccine Timing and Transplant
|VACCINE||INACTIVATED/LIVE ATTENUATED||GIVE PRIOR OR AFTER TRANSPLANTATION|
|Hepatitis B||Inactivated||Both but preferably completed prior to transplant|
|Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR)||Live Attenuated||Only Prior|
|Varicella||Live Attenuated||Only Prior|
|Human Papilloma Virus||Inactivated||Both|
The inhaled influenza vaccine is a live attenuated vaccine and is contraindicated. Patients traveling abroad should consider visiting a travel clinic for appropriate vaccinations and prophylaxis as needed.