Typical Findings in Cerebrospinal Fluid by Type of Infection

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Typical Findings in Cerebrospinal Fluid by Type of Infection


Opening Pressure
WBCProteinGlucose
BacterialElevated>1000/mm 3
PMN predominance
>120 mg/dL<30 mg/dL
ViralNormal<100/mm 3
Lymphocytic predominance
Normal-elevatedNormal
FungalNormal-slightly elevated20-500/mm 3
Lymphocytic predominance
ElevatedDecreased
TuberculosisElevated10-500/mm 3
Lymphocytic predominance
100-500 mg/dL35-40 mg/dL
SyphilisIncreasedMononuclear predominanceElevatedNormal
Lyme diseaseNormalLymphocytic predominanceIncreasedNormal
  • WBC, White blood cells; PMN, polymorphonuclear leukocyte.

Sources

Roos KL (ed): Principles of neurologic infectious diseases: principles and practice . New York: McGraw-Hill, 2004.

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