Symptoms of hepatorenal syndrome

Sharing is caring!

Symptoms of hepatorenal syndrome

What is the clinical presentation of hepatorenal syndrome?

Hepatorenal syndrome is a form of kidney injury, so patients present with increased serum creatinine and low urine output.

Clinically, there are two types of hepatorenal syndrome.

1. Acute or type 1 hepatorenal syndrome

This is characterized by a rapidly progressive kidney failure in a cirrhotic patient with ascites.

It usually develops following a precipitating event but can occur spontaneously. Patients are usually very ill, with severe jaundice, coagulopathy, and liver failure. Type 1 hepatorenal syndrome is now renamed as AKI-hepatorenal syndrome.

2. Chronic or type 2 hepatorenal syndrome

This is characterized by moderate kidney failure, with a serum creatinine between 1.5 and 2.5 mg/dL. It evolves slowly over weeks to months in patients with ascites refractory to diuretics.

Patients with type 2 hepatorenal syndrome are usually less ill than those with type 1 hepatorenal syndrome, with a milder degree of jaundice and coagulopathy.

Sharing is caring!

You cannot copy content of this page

15585

Sign up to receive the trending updates and tons of Health Tips

Join SeekhealthZ and never miss the latest health information

15856
Scroll to Top