How common is hepatorenal syndrome
What is the incidence and prevalence of hepatorenal syndrome?
In 1993, the annual incidence of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with cirrhosis and ascites was reported as 8% and the probability of developing hepatorenal syndrome was 18% at 1 year and 39% at 5 years.
However, in 2006 a similar study showed a significantly lower prevalence of disease, with only 7.6% of cirrhotic patients developing hepatorenal syndrome during the study period (40 ± 3 months) and a 5-year probability of developing hepatorenal syndrome of 11.4%.
These reductions are largely due to the increased recognition of the condition, the advances in the medical management of cirrhosis, and the availability of prophylactic antibiotics for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP).