Ocular symptoms seen in Giant Cell Arteritis

Ocular symptoms seen in Giant Cell Arteritis

Blurring of vision, transient visual loss (amaurosis fugax), iritis, conjunctivitis, scintillating scotomata, photophobia, glaucoma, and ophthalmoplegia from ischemia of extraocular muscles may also occur. Amaurosis fugax is the most predictive factor (Relative Risk= 6.35) for future development of sudden and permanent blindness. Nonvasculitic causes of visual symptoms in GCA patients on corticosteroids including cataracts, glaucoma, and central serous retinopathy must be excluded.


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