What is meant by nutritional status?
Nutritional status reflects how well nutrient intake contributes to body composition and function in the face of the existing metabolic needs. The four major body compartments are water, protein, mineral, and fat. The first three compose the lean body mass (LBM); functional capacity resides in a portion of the LBM called the body-cell mass. Registered dietitians or registered dietitian nutritionists concentrate their efforts on preservation or restoration of this vital component.