How is synovial chondromatosis diagnosed

How is synovial chondromatosis diagnosed?

Radiograph may be diagnostic if the chondroid bodies are calcified resembling a calcified mulberry or popcorn. Plain radiograph is nondiagnostic in 30% of cases. MRI will show nodules of cartilage in the synovium which are dark on T1-weighted images and bright (white) on T2-weighted images due to water content in the hyaline cartilage. Loose bodies can be seen. Arthroscopic biopsy is diagnostic if performed.


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