GI manifestations of KS in AIDS

What are the GI manifestations of KS in AIDS? 

KS is a vascular neoplasm caused by HSV-8, which is fairly prevalent in HIV infection, predominantly in homosexual men. HIV-infected patients are prone to develop KS at any stage of the disease. GI tract involvement occurs in up to 40% of patients. However, most cases of KS of the GI tract are asymptomatic. AIDS-related KS most frequently manifests with skin disease ( Figure 56-5 ). However, cutaneous manifestation may be absent in visceral KS. Symptoms of GI KS are dyspepsia, diarrhea, GI bleeding, perforation, and ileus resulting from tumor obstruction

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