Complications of osteoporotic fragility fractures

What are the complications of osteoporotic fragility fractures?

Vertebral fractures cause loss of height, anterior kyphosis (dowager’s hump), reduced pulmonary function (each fracture decreases forced vital capacity by 9%), and an increased mortality rate. Approximately one-third of all vertebral fractures are painful, but two-thirds are asymptomatic. Hip fractures are associated with permanent disability in nearly 50% of patients and with a 20% excess mortality rate compared with the age-matched nonfracture population.

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