Comparison of Osteophyte and Syndesmophyte features

Comparison of Osteophyte and Syndesmophyte features

OsteophyteSyndesmophyte
Disease associationOsteoarthritisSpondyloarthropathy a
Vertebral involvementCervicalLumbarLower thoracicLumbar
Vertebral orientationHorizontalVertical
PathogenesisEndochondral ossification calcification “Bony spurs”Outer annulus fibrosus“Vertebral bridging”
ComplicationsRadiculopathyAnkylosis
Vertebrobasilar ischemia“Bamboo spine”Fracture

a Includes ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, chronic reactive arthritis, enteropathic arthritis.

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