Common image guided musculoskeletal interventional procedures
Musculoskeletal radiology is a subspecialty that encompasses many diagnostic and therapeutic procedures using image guidance. Some common ultrasonography-guided (US-guided) procedures in musculoskeletal radiology include: joint injections, tendon sheath injections, calcific tendinosis lavage, bursal injections, tendon fenestration, and soft tissue biopsy. Fluoroscopy is often used to guide joint injections as well as joint aspiration and arthrography. Computed tomography (CT) may be used to guide sacroiliac joint injections, bone biopsies, and radiofrequency (RF) ablation of osteoid osteoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may be used to target bone marrow lesions for percutaneous biopsy that are occult on CT or radiography.