Beneficial effects of probiotics on the gut

How are probiotics believed to exert beneficial effect on the gut?

  • • Immune actions
    • • Decrease tumor necrosis factor and interferon
    • • Induce T reg cells
    • • Induce T-cell apoptosis
    • • Dendritic cell modulation
  • • Antimicrobial activity
    • • Limited adhesion
    • • Stimulated increased immunoglobulin A
    • • Reduced chloride secretion
  • • Enhanced barrier integrity
    • • Increase mucus secretion (increase in interleukins 10 and 12)
    • • Enhance tight junctions
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