Why are the terms focal and functional preferred over organic and inorganic
When referring to brain dysfunction (neurologic and psychiatric disorders), why are the terms focal and functional preferred over organic and inorganic ?
Using the terms organic and inorganic to refer to neurologic and psychiatric disorders, respectively, follows from the dualistic (Cartesian) model—an antiquated model that regards mind and brain as two distinct entities, which somehow are unified.
A modern neuroscience-based view is that mind is a verb; mind is what the brain does via the integration of mainly frontal and limbic cortical–subcortical circuits and distributed networks working in parallel processing.
Disruption of the function of these circuits and networks underlies mental disorders.