Which organisms are commonly involved in septic arthritis in children

Which organisms are commonly involved in septic arthritis in children?

Considerable institutional variation exists, but the most common organisms in various age groups are as follows:

Neonates (<2 months old)Age 2 months to 5 years oldAge 5–15 years old
S. aureusKingella kingaeS. aureus
(hospital-acquired)S. aureusStreptococcus pyogenes
Streptococci (Group B)Streptococcus pyogenes
Gram-negative bacilliStreptococcus pneumoniae
Hemophilus influenza (less common due to vaccination)
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