Symptoms of mediastinal lesions

Symptoms of mediastinal lesions

What clinical symptoms and signs can be associated with mediastinal lesions?

Compression or invasion of the trachea or bronchi, recurrent laryngeal nerve, or esophagus may produce cough, dyspnea, chest pain, respiratory infection, hoarseness, or dysphagia. Compression or invasion of the adjacent cardiovascular structures may produce superior vena cava syndrome; cardiac dysrhythmias; constrictive pathophysiology; cardiac tamponade; or, rarely, sudden death. About 75% of mediastinal tumors in asymptomatic patients are benign, whereas about 66% of those in symptomatic patients are malignant.