Potential complications after tracheostomy tube placement

Potential complications after tracheostomy tube placement

  • • Injury of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with resultant vocal cord paralysis.
  • • Injury of the lung apex with development of pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum.
  • • Injury of the trachea with development of tracheomalacia or stricture.
  • • Soft tissue infection, leading to tracheal ulceration and perforation with tracheal–innominate artery fistula, tracheoesophageal fistula, or cervical abscess formation.
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