Potential complications after tracheostomy tube placement
- • Injury of the recurrent laryngeal nerve with resultant vocal cord paralysis.
- • Injury of the lung apex with development of pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum.
- • Injury of the trachea with development of tracheomalacia or stricture.
- • Soft tissue infection, leading to tracheal ulceration and perforation with tracheal–innominate artery fistula, tracheoesophageal fistula, or cervical abscess formation.