What is postembolization syndrome?
Postembolization syndrome is an expected set of symptoms and signs, including pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and leukocytosis, that patients may experience after an embolization.
The cause is likely secondary to organ ischemia/infarction. Prophylactic antibiotics to prevent superinfection of ischemic tissue and pain control and antiemetic agents are helpful in treating postembolization syndrome.
The syndrome is transient and should resolve within 3 to 5 days after the procedure.
Nearly all patients get postembolization syndrome after TACE.
This condition includes low-grade fever, nausea, abdominal pain, and fatigue. It is worst in the first 24 to 48 hours after the procedure and usually resolves within 1 week after TACE.