What is the lower dorsal pontine syndrome (Fovilles syndrome)?
Lower dorsal pontine syndrome is caused by lesions in the dorsal tegmentum of the lower pons, resulting in the following signs:
- Ipsilateral paresis of the whole face (damage to nucleus and fibers of VII)
- Ipsilateral horizontal gaze palsy (damage to paramedian pontine reticular formation and/or VI nucleus)
- Contralateral hemiplegia (damage to corticospinal tract) with sparing of the face