Infant respiratory distress syndrome

6 Interesting Facts of Infant respiratory distress syndrome

  1. Caused by surfactant deficiency and almost exclusively a disease of preterm infants
  2. Risk of syndrome increases with decreasing gestational age (5% of near-term infants, 30% of infants at less than 30 weeks of gestation, and 60% of infants at less than 28 weeks of gestation are affected)
  3. Other risk factors include male sex (in White populations), perinatal asphyxia, family history of the disease in a sibling, and cesarean delivery
  4. Presents with worsening respiratory distress and hypoxia over hours beginning soon after birth
  5. Chest radiograph typically shows air bronchograms with a reticulogranular appearance or ground-glass appearance of the lungs owing to microatelectasis and poor expansion
  6. Differentiated by history (preterm delivery with absence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid), absence of hyperinflation on chest radiograph, and clinical course characterized by significant improvement with surfactant administration

Sign up to receive the trending updates and tons of Health Tips

Join SeekhealthZ and never miss the latest health information