How is Tardive Dyskinesia treated?
The first step in the treatment of Tardive Dyskinesia is to stop the offending drug, which results in spontaneous remission in approximately 60% of cases.
Drugs that deplete dopamine, such as tetrabenazine, are the most effective agents for treatment of Tardive Dyskinesia.
Tardive dystonia has a less satisfactory response to systemic treatment than other forms of Tardive Dyskinesia.
Tardive Dyskinesia may improve with anticholinergic agents, whereas the other types, including stereotypy, may worsen.
In patients with focal forms of dystonia, such as cranial and cervical dystonia, injection of botulinum toxin into the affected musculature is a useful and safe alternative.