How is a missing parathyroid managed

Appropriate management of a missing parathyroid

Despite meticulous operative technique during conventional parathyroidectomy (identification of all four glands), the surgeon occasionally encounters a “missing gland.” Up to 20% of parathyroid glands are ectopic, with the most common locations being within the thymus, retroesophageal, and intrathyroidal. A systematic search of the most common ectopic locations is required for successful outcome in these patients. When three normal glands have been identified and the fourth gland is not in a normal position, the most likely ectopic location depends on whether the upper gland or the lower gland is missing.


Sign up to receive the trending updates and tons of Health Tips

Join SeekhealthZ and never miss the latest health information

Scroll to Top