Gut microbiotica to human existence

What value is gut microbiotica to human existence? 

There are estimated to be 200 to 300 colonic species of bacteria in the gut, each with a unique function.

Commensal Effects of Gut Microbiotica on Humans

ActionEffect
Carbohydrate fermentationReduction of intraluminal colonic pH
Protein fermentationProduction of NH and sympathetic amines
Synthesis of short-chain free fatty acidsMain source of energy and nutrition for colon
Synthesis of vitamins K, B , B6 , and B 12 , folic acid, and pantothenic acidEssential components for biologic processes
Deconjugation of bile salts, bilirubin, drugs, and steroid hormonesBiotransformation and absorption
Fat malabsorptionRegulation of plasma levels of cholesterol and triglycerides
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