Differential diagnosis of dementia

Differential diagnosis of dementia

What other disorders are in the differential diagnosis of dementia (not necessarily subcortical) with extrapyramidal features?

  • AD
  • Parkinson’s disease plus dementia
  • Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
  • Binswanger’s disease
  • Multi-infarct or vascular dementia
  • Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  • Frontotemporal dementia—parkinsonism associated with chromosome 17
  • Corticobasal syndrome
  • HIV dementia
  • Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration or neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation 1 (formerly Hallervorden–Spatz syndrome)
  • Neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease
  • GM1 gangliosidosis type III
  • MSA-P (multiple system atrophy with predominant parkinsonism)

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