Common symptoms of dry mouth

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What are the common symptoms of dry mouth?

Normal saliva production is 1 to 1.5 L/day. Dry mouth sensation, known as xerostomia, occurs when the salivary flow rate decreases to <50% of the basal flow rate. It may result in a variety of problems including:

• Burning sensation.

• Change in taste (metallic, salty, bitter).

• Difficulty swallowing.

• Disturbed sleep (due to dry mouth and/or nocturia).

• Gastroesophageal reflux symptoms (due to lack of saliva buffer).

• Increase in dental caries, cracked teeth, loose fillings.

• “Lipstick sign” (adherence of patient’s lipstick onto front teeth).

• Predisposition to oral candidiasis (atrophic variant, which presents as an erythematous tongue).

• Problems wearing dentures.

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