What are common indications for computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the adrenal glands?
The most common clinical indications include:
- • Characterization of indeterminate adrenal lesions incidentally detected on prior cross-sectional imaging. The main goal in this situation is to determine whether an adrenal lesion represents a benign lesion, such as an adenoma, or a malignant lesion.
- • Detection and characterization of culprit adrenal lesions in patients with symptoms or signs suggestive of an endocrine disorder such as hyperaldosteronism, hypercortisolism, or increased catecholamine secretion.
- • Staging and response assessment of patients with primary adrenal malignancies.
- • Staging and response assessment of patients with extraadrenal malignancies that may metastasize to the adrenal glands.
- • Providing guidance for percutaneous biopsy or intervention for an adrenal lesion.