Common causes of tic disorders

Common causes of tic disorders

What are the most common causes of tic disorders? 

Tourette syndrome and related disorders are the most important and common causes of tics.

However, these dyskinesias may accompany other hereditary disorders or follow acquired diseases.

Etiologic Classification of Tics

Physiologic Tics
Mannerisms
Gestures
Pathologic Tics
Primary
Transient tic disorder
Chronic tic disorder
Chronic motor tic disorder
Chronic phonic tic disorder
Tourette syndrome
Neuroacanthocytosis
Huntington’s disease
Torsion dystonia
Secondary
Chromosomal abnormalities
Down syndrome
Fragile X syndrome
XYY syndrome
XXX 9p mosaicism
Drugs
Anticonvulsants
Dopamine receptor-blocking drugs
Levodopa
Stimulants
Amphetamine
Cocaine
Methylphenidate
Pemoline
Head trauma
Infections
Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease
Encephalitis
Postencephalitic parkinsonism
Sydenham’s chorea
Pervasive developmental disorders
Autism
Rett’s syndrome
Others
Carbon monoxide poisoning
Schizophrenia
Head trauma
Stroke
Rubella syndrome
Static encephalopathy
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