Common causes of lower abdominal pain

common causes of lower abdominal pain? What organ systems are commonly involved?

Pain in the lower quadrants can be due to a number of causes from multiple organ systems.

  • • Gastrointestinal—diverticulitis (classically left sided), appendicitis (classically right sided), infectious, ischemic or inflammatory colitis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • • Genitourinary—ureteral or kidney stones, pyelonephritis, ovarian or testicular torsion, pelvic inflammatory disease, tuboovarian abscess, ruptured ectopic pregnancy
  • • Musculoskeletal—muscular strain or sprain, rectus sheath hematoma, retroperitoneal hematoma

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