common causes of lower abdominal pain? What organ systems are commonly involved?
Pain in the lower quadrants can be due to a number of causes from multiple organ systems.
- • Gastrointestinal—diverticulitis (classically left sided), appendicitis (classically right sided), infectious, ischemic or inflammatory colitis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- • Genitourinary—ureteral or kidney stones, pyelonephritis, ovarian or testicular torsion, pelvic inflammatory disease, tuboovarian abscess, ruptured ectopic pregnancy
- • Musculoskeletal—muscular strain or sprain, rectus sheath hematoma, retroperitoneal hematoma