clinical indications of Ultrasonography

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What are some common clinical indications of Ultrasonography?

US is often used for initial evaluation of the abdominal organs (e.g., to evaluate for acute cholecystitis and choledocholithiasis), the pelvic organs (e.g., to evaluate for uterine leiomyomas, ovarian torsion, ectopic pregnancy, endometrial abnormalities, prostate cancer, and testicular torsion), the vessels (e.g., to evaluate for carotid artery stenosis and femoral vein deep venous thrombosis), the thyroid and parathyroid glands (e.g., to assess for thyroid nodules and parathyroid adenomas), and the joints (e.g., to assess for rotator cuff tears) and to serve as a real-time imaging guide during percutaneous biopsies. As US does not involve the use of ionizing radiation, it is also used during pregnancy (e.g., to evaluate the embryo/fetus for congenital anomalies) and in the pediatric setting (e.g., to evaluate the brain and hip joints in infants).

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