Classification of Cardiorenal Syndrome (CRS)

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Classification of Cardiorenal Syndrome (CRS)

What does cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) mean?

The term cardiorenal syndrome has been used to define different clinical conditions in which heart and kidney dysfunction overlap.

A consensus classification of cardiorenal syndrom is outlined in the below table

Classification of Cardiorenal Syndrome

TYPENAMEDESCRIPTIONEXAMPLE
1Acute cardiorenalHeart failure leading to acute kidney injury (AKI)Acute coronary syndrome leading to acute heart and kidney failure
2Chronic cardiorenalChronic heart failure leading to kidney failureChronic heart failure
3Acute nephrocardiacAKI leading to acute heart failureUremic cardiomyopathy AKI-related
4Chronic nephrocardiacChronic kidney disease leading to heart failureLeft ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic heart failure due to kidney failure
5SecondarySystemic disease leading to heart and kidney failureSepsis, vasculitis, diabetes mellitus

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