Causes of bowel ischemia

Causes of bowel ischemia/infarction.

  • • Arterial causes include embolic disease, arterial thrombosis, vasculitis, aortic dissection extending into a mesenteric artery, tumor encasement of a mesenteric artery, and trauma.
  • • Venous causes include thrombosis, tumor encasement of a mesenteric vein, and trauma.
  • • Vessel hypoperfusion, systemic shock, radiation injury, bowel obstruction, infectious or inflammatory bowel disease, and some medications are other causes of bowel ischemia/infarction.

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