Bedbugs

What are Bedbugs

Bedbugs are tiny bugs that live in and around beds. During the day, they stay hidden. At night, they come out and bite.

Where are bedbugs found?

Bedbugs can be found anywhere. It does not matter if a place is clean or dirty. Bedbugs are found in:

  • Hotels.
  • Shelters.
  • Dorms.
  • Hospitals.
  • Nursing homes.
  • Places where there are many birds or bats.

What are bedbug bites like?

A bedbug bite makes a small red bump with a darker red dot in the middle. The bump may show soon after you are bitten or one or more days later. Bedbug bites usually do not hurt, but they may itch.

Most people do not need treatment for bedbug bites. The bumps usually go away on their own in a few days.

If you have a lot of bedbug bites and they feel very itchy:

  • Do notscratch the bite areas.
  • You may put one of these on the bite area as told by your doctor:
    • Baking soda paste. Make this by adding water to baking soda.
    • Cortisone cream.
    • Calamine lotion.

How do I check for bedbugs?

Adult bedbugs are reddish-brown, oval, and flat. They are very small, and they cannot fly. Young bedbugs are whitish-yellow and are smaller than the adult bedbugs.

Use a flashlight to look for bedbugs in these places:

  • On mattresses, bed frames, headboards, and box springs.
  • On drapes and curtains in bedrooms.
  • Under the carpet in bedrooms.
  • Behind electrical outlets.
  • Behind any wallpaper that is peeling.
  • Inside luggage.

Also look for black or red spots or stains on or near the bed.

What should I do if I find bedbugs?

When traveling

Check your clothes, suitcase, and belongings for bedbugs before you go back home. You may want to throw away anything that has bedbugs on it.

At home

Your bedroom may need to be treated by a pest control expert. You may also need to throw away mattresses or luggage. To help stop bedbugs from coming back, you may want to:

  • Wash your clothes and bedding in water that is hotter than 120°F (48.9°C). Dry them on a hot setting.
  • Put a plastic cover over your mattress.
  • When you sleep, wear pajamas that have long sleeves and pant legs. Bedbugs usually bite skin that is not covered.
  • Vacuum often around the bed and in all of the cracks where the bugs might hide.
  • Check all used furniture, bedding, or clothes that you bring into your home.
  • Get rid of bird nests and bat roosts that are near your home.

Where to find more information

Summary

  • Bedbugs are tiny bugs that live in and around beds.
  • Bedbugs are often found in hotels, shelters, dorms, hospitals, and nursing homes.
  • A bedbug bite makes a small red bump with a darker red dot in the middle.
  • Bedbug bites usually do not hurt, but they may itch. Most people do not need treatment for the bites.
  • If you find bedbugs at home, your bedroom may need to be treated by a pest control expert.
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