What are the advantages of laparoscopic surgery compared with open procedures?
Laparoscopic surgery is less invasive than open surgery, resulting in less trauma to tissue and organs. Respiratory function is less impaired and recovery is improved compared with open surgery. Animal and human studies have shown that laparoscopic surgery preserves immune function. Clinically, this translates into less postoperative discomfort, shorter postoperative hospital stays, and a more rapid return to baseline function. Recent studies also suggest that the lower incidence of adhesions may result in lower long-term risk of small bowel obstruction.