Who described and coined the term rheumatoid arthritis (RA)?
Augustin-Jacob Landre-Beauvais is credited with the first clinical description in 1800. He called it a variant of gout—“goutte asthenique primitif.” Benjamin Brodie described the slow progression from a synovitis and bursa and tendon sheath involvement. Sir Alfred Garrod introduced the term “rheumatic gout” and separated it from classic gout using the “thread test” for urate in synovial fluid in 1858 to 1859. Archibald Garrod, the fourth son of Sir Alfred, coined the term “rheumatoid arthritis” in 1890.