Prucalopride

Sharing is caring!

Prucalopride Brand Name– MOTEGRITY

What is Prucalopride

Prucalopride is an oral selective serotonin (5HT-4) receptor agonist with enterokinetic properties.

Prucalopride is approved for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) in adults. The efficacy of once-daily treatment with prucalopride was evaluated in 6 double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, multicenter clinical studies lasting 12 weeks (5 studies) or 24 weeks (1 study).

During studies, significantly more patients taking prucalopride (2 mg/day or less) achieved the primary efficacy endpoint of an average of 3 or more spontaneous complete bowel movements per week than with placebo (19% to 38% prucalopride vs. 10% to 20% placebo) across 5 of 6 trials.

A rapid response was seen with prucalopride as early as week 1, with improvements maintained throughout 12 weeks of treatment.

While a causal association has not been established, monitor treated patients for depressed mood or suicidal thoughts or behaviors during use as these have been reported during clinical studies.

In clinical studies, prucalopride did not demonstrate an increased risk of potential major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) compared to placebo.

Prucalopride was FDA-approved in December 2018.

Indications

  • constipation

For the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC)

Side Effects

  1. abdominal pain
  2. anorexia
  3. depression
  4. diarrhea
  5. dizziness
  6. dyspnea
  7. edema
  8. fatigue
  9. flatulence
  10. headache
  11. increased urinary frequency
  12. migraine
  13. nausea
  14. pruritus
  15. rash
  16. suicidal ideation
  17. urticaria
  18. vomiting

Hypersensitivity reactions including dyspnea, rash (unspecified), pruritus, urticaria, and facial edema have been observed with prucalopride.

Monitoring Parameters

  • laboratory monitoring not necessary

Contraindications

  • breast-feeding
  • children
  • Crohn’s disease
  • depression
  • dialysis
  • diverticulitis
  • geriatric
  • GI obstruction
  • GI perforation
  • ileus
  • infants
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • neonates
  • pregnancy
  • renal failure
  • renal impairment
  • suicidal ideation
  • toxic megacolon
  • ulcerative colitis

Interactions

  • Fosfomycin

Fosfomycin: (Moderate) Prucalopride may decrease the systemic absorption of fosfomycin due to the prokinetic action of prucalopride. This may result in lower fosfomycin serum concentrations and urinary excretion. Monitor for evidence of clinical effectiveness of fosfomycin. Since fosfomycin is given as a single dose, separating times of administration may limit the interaction.

Sharing is caring!

You cannot copy content of this page

15585

Sign up to receive the trending updates and tons of Health Tips

Join SeekhealthZ and never miss the latest health information

15856
Scroll to Top